Particle Tracing with IMPTAM



Ring current
H+, O+, He+, He++ with energies 1-300 keV

Substorm injections
Electric FieldMagnetic Field
 

 

Ion dispersed structures
Ions with energies 1 eV to 30 keV

Low energy electrons 1-300 keV

Radiation belts
Electrons with energies > 300keV